Currently, children’s access to alcohol is not sufficiently monitored and is contributing to increased social disintegration.
“Many people do not realise the impact that underage drinking has on a child or society at large. Parents, adults, and caregivers unintentionally encourage underage drinking through glamourising it or through the practices of sending children to buy alcohol or asking them to fetch alcohol from the fridge or allowing ‘just a little sip’. Speaking about alcohol has become normal and there has been a desensitisation to its effect which has left our children vulnerable,” says Lee Loynes, CEO of Girls and Boys Town South Africa.
According to Aware.Org, 50% of teenagers in South Africa have tried, or consumed alcohol. In South Africa, substance use generally starts during the teenage years and can commence as early as 10 years old.
Alcohol use during the formative early years is related to a wide range of health and social problems. It can affect the healthy development of vital organs and functions, including the brain, liver, bones and hormones. It is also associated with increased alcohol-related injuries, involvement in violence, suicidal thoughts and attempts, having more sexual partners, pregnancy and using drugs.
At GBTSA a lot of effort is put in to ensure that youth placed by children’s courts into its healing residential care environments are protected from alcohol abuse through holistic prevention and, where needed, individualised treatment programmes and that young people are better equipped to have a responsible approach to alcohol when they leave its care.
GBTSA’s 2021 report on alcohol and drug abuse among youth that have left care indicates the following:
- 83% of participants were drugs and alcohol ‘free’ after the first year out of care. Drugs and alcohol ‘free’ is defined as avoiding binge drinking more than once a week, not using dagga/weed more than twice a week, and not using hard drugs in the past month.
- At least some alcohol usage was to be expected of young people who have just left care at 18 – after the first year, 34% reported having had at least one alcoholic beverage in the two weeks prior to the interview, and of those, 18% said they drank more than five drinks in a row (binge drinking).
“We need all of your help to tackle this problem. We need homes to be a safe space for kids and for their communities to be protective of them. We need to start the conversation earlier, and encourage every single person to realise that they have a role to play in protecting our children,” concludes Loynes.